Could the Earth's core be much older that previously believed? Aleksey Smirnov, assistant professor of geophysics, with colleagues from the University of Rochester and Yale University, has discovered that the earth’s inner core could actually be at least 1.2 billion years older than thought. Earlier, Smirnov helped solve the mystery of how Siberian “traps”—large-scale basaltic formations—were formed, also a controversial finding
“It’s a big deal to researchers in this basic science who thought the earth’s core was much younger, so to speak,” Smirnov says of his paper in the journal Physics of the Earth and Planetary Interiors. “They won’t be happy with it.”
.Smirnov used paleomagnetic data to do his research, measuring the magnetic fields in the oldest rocks on earth. Using samplings from around the globe, he was able to estimate the age of the inner core, which he claims is also related to the start of plate tectonics.
“In the process of plate subduction, one plate goes under the other, sinking towards the Earth’s core,” he says. “When this ‘cold’ subducted plate material first reached the liquid core boundary, that could initiate the formation and growth of solid inner core.”
This geodynamic process, also dramatically changing the magnetic field behavior, happened longer ago than was previously thought, Smirnov claims, because he can see those changes recorded in very old rocks.
He also takes into account the continental drift that has taken place over time, including in India, where he will be going next to gather more data, thanks to a National Science Foundation grant.
“We have studied formations that would have been dispersed around the globe, and we can measure the differences in magnetism from 5 to 195 million years ago versus 1 to 2.2 billion years ago versus 2.2 to 3 billion years ago,” he says.
For his current research, he used data from 28 locations around the world, and he’ll add to that information database, thanks to NSF.The geophysicist has previously researched rock formations in western Australia and Canada.
Source: The Daily Galaxy - Michigan Technological University